Mineralogicaly named Porphyry, Chemically a mixture of Quartz, Feldspar and Mica, Cornish Granite has a large crystalline consistency, that can be difficult, to carve it, as it has the tendency, to splinter along the orientation of these crystals. Its hardness and carvability varies greatly from Quarry to Quarry.
Carved Cornish Granite:
Even though Cornish Granite was used for Building Ornaments, and even the Embankment along the River Thames in London, it is not rated highly as a Fine Art Carving Material, making me one of the few modern artists, that use it, as there carving material of choice.
I also carve wood, in particular oak or other hard woods. Preferably using Axes and Adzes rather than wood chisels.
Stone Age Ceramic Drums.
Pottery was used since Stone Age times, to make drums. Modern Ceramic drums are frequently imported from North Africa or the Middle East, and can be bought on flea markets for very little money.
Stone Age Drums:
Stone Age drums were found by Archaeologists in Southern Scandinavia, North Germany, former East Germany and Poland, they are believed to be 5000 to 5500 years old. I made a replica Stone Age Drum for Hannover, Lower-Saxony-State Museum, and gave talks there about making and playing Stone Age Drums.
Most possibly the second earliest form of music making, predating modern humans.
The earliest form of music being singing. The oldest musical instrument that was found in Europe is a flute, made from the wing bone of a swan. ( aprox. 25.000 years old)
At the core of the appeal of drumming is the heartbeat of the mother, that children can react to, long before they are born.
The most common instruments of Shamans is the drum. Shamanic Drums can be distinct from other drums by design, ornament or reputation, or just be an ordinary drum, that is used by a Shaman, for rituals.
Roman God Janus:
Roman God of: Beginnings, Endings, Passages, Passage Ways, Door Ways, and Thresholds.
Silver Cast, raiser sharp sidles, for ritual use.
Silver Moon Sickles:
Moon Sickles shaped ritual knives. One of the Symbols of the Earth Mother Goddess Faith.
Silver Cast Flint Arrowheads:
These Silver Castings, of a Flint Arrowhead, that I found in West-Cornwall, are powerful protective talismans, that combine the properties of a Silver Bullet, and an Elf Bolt.
I make and play Lyres.
I play the Lyre like a Harp, that has only 8 strings. What is exactly, what a Lyre is.
Music to calm Children with:
The sub-title of my CD of Lyre Music. Lyre music has a great calming effect on children.
Artistic Movement, that aimed to exploit the obvious. I. e., that there is more than one reality.
Artistic Movement, that realised, that the only limit of reality is the limit of our fantasy.
My Style of Artistic Interpretation. I analyse shapes, take them apart, and reassemble them, not in spheres, rectangles and triangles like the followers of Cubism, but in flowing, floral shapes.
The tip of the Cornish-Peninsular, and for me, the only place, to live.
The Lafrowda Men-an-Tol:
My interpretation of The Men-an-Tol, that I carved in 1995/6, and donated to the people of St. Just. As a result of this gift, many inhabitants of St. Just wanted to throw me out of town.
5 Granite columns each just under 6 ft. tall, that I erected at the Trevescan Riding School, on the A30. This Sculpture Row is my latest claim to fame, and gave me 5 minutes on the local BBC News program.
Researching local history, I found out, that until 1962/3, the people of St. Just preferred to drink Well Water, rather than Piped Water. Than within those two years, most of the 161 Springs, Wells and Watersorces one can still find on a map of St. Just, where closed, filled in, or abandoned. I try to reopen and to renovate as many of these as possible, in an attempt to rescue some Cornish Celtic Heritage, that is disappearing before our very eyes.
I conduct Well-Walks in the time of the summer holidays, to show some of the wells in the St. Just area to tourists and locals, so that they may appreciate this part of the Cornish Celtic History.
West Cornwall’s Archaeology has the most sites per square mile in all of the island of Great Britain. A mostly un-tapped resource for tourism. Adding Archaeology Walks to my repertoire of Guided Walks aims to redress that.
Federation of St. Just Guided Walks Guides:
An idea originally proposed by my friend Cedderic, Proprietor of the “Keggen Teg”, a St. Just Restaurant and Coffee House. A booklet, detailing Guided Walks walks in the St. Just area is talked about.
U3A St. Just Archaeology Group:
I am a member of that too.
Out of my motto:” I want something, I make it!” I started furniture making. At the moment, its mainly ornate and ornamental chairs, like Hour Glass Chairs, and Glastonbury Chairs.
Hour Glass Chairs:
Also known as: Dante-, or Scissor-Chairs. I always wanted one, so I made myself one.
An ecclesiastical chair, held together with pegs, it originally was the kind of chair, that a church dignitary would have taken along on an inspection tour of churches. It is very comfortable. The kind of chair, you can fall asleep in during 2 o’clock in the morning mess, and not slip out of.
A great inspiration to me.
These days anything artistic, that involves an amount of three dimensionality. Originally, a good sculpture was the flowing confluence of its lines of circumvences.
Moh’s Hardness 4:
The Moss Scale is a scale of hardness of different materials. It starts with Moss Hardness 1, for Tallow, and goes up to Moss Hardness 10 for Diamonds. Moss Hardness 4 is seen as the border between soft carving stones and hard carving stones.
A stone, that is both soft enough to be carved, and has a smooth enough texture, to make carving it easy.
A time, when it was common, to make tools out of stone.
Groups of people, commonly centred around a drumming teacher, that play drums together.
The Great-Earth-Mother, and her Consort:
Allegedly the goddess and god of the earliest religion. (over 30.000 years old)
Death and Re-Birth:
An ever lasting cycle, that the immortal human soul joyfully takes part in.
The Stone Age Studio:
The name I have given to my fine art studio.
Projectile, that magically always hits its target.
CD of Lyre Music:
A CD of my Lyre Music is in preparation. Title: “ Calm” . Sub-Title: “Music to calm your children with.”
An artist’s way of interpreting the subject of his art.
Early 20th century art movement, that took shapes apart, analysed them, and put them back together in cubes, circles and try-angles.
TV News Casts:
My art was the subject of several TV News Casts.
Living Water taken out of Wells. Water, that is good for Living People.
Water delivered by utility companies to households via pipes. Due to this, Piped Water has to be dead, at the point of delivery.
Cornish Celtic Heritage:
Thing and Concepts, that are by nature: Cornish; Celtic; and Under Threat.
Activity that combines walking, with meeting strangers, and listening to the ramblings of someone, that pretends to know something, about the objective of the walk. Preferred, when a stop-over for cream teas is involved.
The “ OCocli’s.”:
Contemplating, to Stencil a longer text in Clay, I realised, that all Roman Lettering, and all Arabian Numerals are made up of seven Glyph Fragments. Due to there shape, I call them the OCocli’s.
The creation of an object by an artist.
One of a whole group of otherworldly beings, such as Knockers, Brownies, Lepricorns and Piscies.
Traditional German Stone Masons Hammer:
1,5 Kg heavy Hammer with a narrow and slender, long iron head, that due to that, has a very small hitting area, and brakes the bones in the hand of a Traditional German Stone Mason, when he slips of the end of the chisel. This happens easily, as the hitting area of the Traditional German Stone Masons Hammer is so small, due, to its narrow and slender, long iron head.
Stencilling in Clay:
I was looking for a long time, to simplify the process of stencilling longer texts in clay. Eventually the answer came, in the realisation, that all Roman Lettering and Arabian Numerals are constructed of just 7 Glyph-Fragments, that due to there shape, I call the Ococli’s.
The type of letters, used in western Europe, in comparison to Cyrillic, or, for instance Japanese, or Chinese Pictographic writing.
The type of numerals used nearly world wide, due to there simplicity. Unlike Roman Numerals, that us nearly useless for even simple divisions and other common mathematical operations.
Sub-Glyphs, Glyphs are constructed from.
Picture writing, common in Egypt.
Mainly, Picture Writing, on Stones.( Petro= Stone )
System of writing Numerals, used throughout the Roman Empire, that does not lend itself for even simple mathematical operations.
Craft practitioner, that is most possibly not capable of designing his own patterns in his craft.
Designer of Painting and/or Objects, that nowadays, usually, is not able, to translate his creative ideas into good craftwork.
Powder Metal Tipped Chisels:
Also known as Tungsten Tipped, Stone Masons Tools. Or Tungsten-Carbide Tipped Chisels,
These tools consist of a mild-steel shaft, with very hard, soldered in peaces of Powder Metal at there tip, that are able to carve into stones harder than Moh’s Hardness 4.
Tungsten Carbide Tipped Chisels:
Tugsten and Carbide, that would normally not melt into a metal alloy, are mixed as a powder, and than fused under great pressure, creating small but extremely hard peaces of Powder Metal, that are hard soldered onto the tips of peaces of mild steel, thereby becoming able to be used as chisels to carve stones, harder than Moh’s Hardness 4.
Mineralogical name, for Granite, that in its formation cooled down so slowly, that it has quit large Crystals, and therefore is difficult to carve, as it will tend to split along the borders of these crystals, when carved.
Porphyry, that cooled down so quick after its formation, deep inside the earths crust, that it was not able, to form large crystals. As a result, Granite is usually harder than Porphyry but easier to carve, as it does not have the large crystals of Porphyry.
Practitioner of Shamanism. Only genuine, when practising within an undisturbed aboriginal society. Once removed from an aboriginal society or in a society that was disturbed by anthropologists or missionaries, shamans and Neo-Shamans are quite often charlatans.
Charlatans, that claim to be able to recreate shamanism, without its specific aboriginal context.
In this context, any religion, that either predates Christianity, or was not affected by Christian Missionaries.
The Emperors New Clothes:
As in the fairy tale, nothing, that is sold as something very special and expensive.
Amongst other things, the sum of all the Body-Electric magnetic fields, caused by the electric signals flowing through the nerves in a human body.
A method to take an image of the body electric and electro-magnetic fields that are portrayed in many colours. The colours and there distribution can indicate moods, illnesses or intentions.
Hannoverien Dada Artist, that also did ground breaking work on type setting.
A science that tries to explain the unexplainable.
The unexplainable Parapsychology tries to explain.
Vibration White Finger Syndrome.
Modern Stone Masons nearly exclusively use Compressed Air Tools (Hand hammers etc.). The vibration of these tools often damages the nerves in the hands. This leads to loss of sensation and reduced blood flow. This gave the name to this repetitive stress injury. I filled the handle of my Compressed Air Hand Hammer with lead, to increase its mass and thereby reduce recoil, and covered the handle with rubber from a tractor tyre inner tube that I sewed on with fishing line. I also padded the palm of the glove of my chisel hand with that rubber. Additionally I adjusted the amount of air my compressor delivers in such a way that I am forced to stop using my Compressed Air Hand Hammer every 10 minutes. I then use my Spherical Mace Stone Carving Hammer and my Hand Chisels, while my compressor catches its breath. This works extremely well, and does not only help avoiding Vibration White Finger Syndrome, but makes for much faster progress in my artwork, as the 1,5 kg Mace Hammer strikes a much heavier punch then my Hand hammer, and the Hand hammer has a much more regular strike than the Mace Hammer. Using both alternately, they complement each other very well, helping me work faster.
Compressed Air Tools for Stone Carving (Hand hammers etc.)
These days nearly all Stone Masonry work is done with Hand held Compressed Air driven tools, smaller versions of the infamous Compressed Air Demolition Hammers. These Hand Hammers are noisy, blow the stone dust into the carver’s face, and cause Vibration White Finger Syndrome.
The Stone Dust from carving limestone and other water soluble stones is usually reabsorbed and thereby cleared away from the stone carver’s lungs. The dust from water-insoluble stones, like Soap Stone, Sand Stone, Serpentine or Granite can not be reabsorbed, and therefore causes permanent damage by clogging the bronchia in the lungs of the stone carver. Great care should therefore be taken to wear masks to prevent serious damage to the stone carver’s lungs.
Artist that works mainly in 3D
Globular Amphora Culture:
A 5000 year old culture of people in southern Scandinavia, East Germany, Poland and the north of the Czech Republic, that was named after their wonderful decorated spherical or globular pots. They left a large amount pots behind that were interpreted by modern archaeologists as ceramic drums. I copied some of their drums and gave a talks at Hannover Museum about making and playing stone age drums.
Drum Pot without a drum skin.
Musical Instrument peculiar to the Native American Apache Nation and some neighbouring Native American People. It often has only one or two tensioned strings that are played by being vibrated with a stroking bow. Musicologists cannot agree if it is an instrument that was inspired by European Fiddles or if it is an original Native American Invention.
A musical instrument of the percussion instrument group. Often with ridges, that are stroked with a stick.
A container prepared to house a spirit.
A Native European People from northern Norway, Sweden, and Finland, that are supposed to be part of the original European Inhabitants, that were pushed into the northern fringe of Europe by later arrivals.
Derogative name for the Sami People by their southerly neighbours.
Sea snails found on most rocky seashores.
Musical Instrument that does rattle.
Gismo that makes sounds or signals stronger.
A way of focusing one’s mind.
Any earthy material that is changed from pliable and containing water to dry and hard, by a process of heating until some of its constituents melt and fuse.
A turning horizontal disc, used to manufacture or even mass manufacture pottery items.
Hand Coiled Pottery:
A method of making pots without a potters wheel, using coils of clay, that are fused together by stroking the surface, until the wall of the vessels reaches coherent integrity.
Table that is often the focus of a ritual.
Hard sided Container made from metal or ceramic, i. e. Pottery. Therefore pot.
Method of construction, or shape of ornament.
Magic formula, not unlike a prayer, that is meant to achieve something.
The eternal essence of a deceased person. Not necessarily a human person. Some animals are supposed to have such an essence as well.
Sprits of the 5 elements air, fire, water, earth and spirit. Also nature spirits that are not the eternal essences of once living beings. Therefore they are entities in their own right, that are literally as old as the hills, and should not be exorcised.
A very nasty Christian way of doing away with Spirits that do not fit into the Christian world view.
The realm of eternal essences. At least as real and divers and important as the so called real world.
Flat often square not too large pices of stone or ceramic that combined can cover a larger area.
A form of wall cover in which the wall is covered by decorated, mostly flat and square or interlocking patented, stones or pieces of ceramic.
A mostly small object to burn Incense in or on.
Incense Burning Pot:
An Incense Burner made from a hard shelled material like pottery or metal. Sometimes made from shell or seed pods.
Principle of duality from eastern religious philosophy.
Light source that burns oil, often with a wick.
Concept of philosophy that does not only acknowledge duality but sees three aspects or focus points, that reflect reality.
Maiden, Mother, Crone:
The three aspects of the Great Earth Mother Goddess.
The Seven Liberal Arts:
The knowledge all wise people should try to acquire. Martianus Capella (5th Century A.D.) lists them as: grammar, dialectic, rhetoric, geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and music.
Object or practise that aids Meditation.
A cultural period in human development in which many tools were made from Bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, that can be very hard or hard wearing, in particular when small quantities of other trace metals are added to the mix.
Archaeologists found gold chalices or gold cups all over Europe that dated from the late stone age to the early bronze age. Not that I offer a Golden Chalice, i. e. a Chalice that looks golden, rather than a chalice that is made from gold. The price should make this self explanatory.
Pagans often use chalices in their rituals. But then though so do Christians with their cup that holds the wine in the Eucharist.
Roman Goddess Figurines:
Small statues of Goddesses from the time of the Roman Empire.
A Celtic Goddess from the time of the Roman Empire, that is equated with the Roman Goddess Venus or the Greek Goddess Aphrodite.
Isles of Scilly:
A small archipelago of 5 inhabited and close to 200 uninhabited Islands, 28 miles south west of the Cornish peninsula.
A Roman Goddess of fertility and nourishment, that is often depicted sitting on a wickerwork armchair, suckling two little babies at her breasts. Some claim that small figurines portraying the Dea Nutrix are actually figurines of the old Hebrew Asherat, the female consort of Jehovah, that was banned by Jewish clerics during the time of the Babylonian Exile.
Old Hebrew Goddess that once was venerated with a cult tree in the precinct of the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. The big bronze vessel outside the Temple was also supposed to have been dedicated to her. She was banned by Jewish clerics around the time of the Babylonian Exile.
The Eye of Providence:
A depiction of an Eye in a equilateral triangle, often with light shining from behind it. It appears from the early 16th Century in Christian imagery. It is also known as the Eye of God. This image can be found on the 1 US Dollar bill, and is often associated with freemasonry.
A three sided Pyramid made of four equilateral triangles.
Usually four triangles on a square base. Also known as funeral monuments in ancient Egypt.
Small statues made from fired clay.
Pentagram in Circle:
A five pointed star made up of lines in a circle. An ancient magic symbol that is used as the sign for modern witchcraft etc.
In most magic systems copper and silver are supposed to be moon metals, whilst gold is supposed to be a sun metal.
Due to the similarity of the female cycle and the phases of the moon, many female Goddesses are supposed to have a good connection to the moon. Those that have this connection more than others are considered Moon Goddesses.
Letter of an ancient Germanic form of writing that is often used for divination in modern magic.
Also Suwelo, an ancient Germanic rune that has the meaning: The Life Force. Good Health or other favourable circumstances and future harmony. Contact between the higher self and the unconscious.
During the Stone Age flint was the material of choice for many stone tools, and arrowheads in particular. It is still considered a sign of good luck to find or own a flint arrowhead.
A Village in West-Cornwall
A small piece of jewellery or a knife in the shape of the crescent moon.